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The waters of the Río de la Plata and its Sea Front are the habitat of important fishing resources that have allowed the development of coastal and deep-sea fisheries of high economic value.

The Treaty establishes the legal framework for the environmental protection and sustainable development of the uses and resources of the Río de la Plata and its Sea Front. In this sense, the Treaty sought to conserve, preserve and distribute these resources in a rational and equitable manner, through management rules and measures agreed upon by the parties.

The Treaty recognizes the right of each party to fish exclusively and exclusively in the jurisdictional strip adjacent to its coasts, on the other hand, in the intermediate strip, that is to say, the one outside the adjacent strips, both States recognize each other's right to allow vessels of their respective flags to fish in them.

The Treaty establishes that the Parties are obliged to exchange information on a regular basis on the catch by species and the vessels authorized to fish in waters of common use. The establishment of total annual allowable catches of the main fishing species, and the establishment of areas and closed fishing seasons for their protection, is based on scientific advice from the Parties' fisheries research institutes, which advise both Commissions.

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